In meteorology, a cyclone is a large scale air mass that rotates around a strong center of low atmospheric pressure.Cyclones are characterized by inward spiraling winds that rotate about a zone of low pressure.The largest low-pressure systems are polar vortices and extratropical cyclones of the largest scale (the synoptic scale). Warm-core cyclones such as tropical cyclones and subtropical cyclones also lie within the synoptic scale.Mesocyclones, tornadoes and dust devils lie within the smaller mesoscale.Upper level cyclones can exist without the presence of a surface low, and can pinch off from the base of the tropical upper tropospheric trough during the summer months in the Northern Hemisphere.

Cyclones have also been seen on extraterrestrial planets, such as Mars and Neptune. Cyclogenesis describes the process of cyclone formation and intensification. Extratropical cyclones begin as waves in large regions of enhanced mid-latitude temperature contrasts called baroclinic zones. These zones contract and form weather fronts as the cyclonic circulation closes and intensifies. Later in their life cycle, extratropical cyclones occlude as cold air masses undercut the warmer air and become cold core systems. A cyclone’s track is guided over the course of its 2 to 6 day life cycle by the steering flow of the subtropical jet stream.

Year Date-Month Name Classification Nearest Distance from Mauritius Highest Gusts
km/h
Lowest Pressure
hPa
1892
29 Apr
216
947 *
1931
5 – 7 Mar
Intense Cyclone
180
969
1945
16-17 Jan
Intense Cyclone
Over Mauritius
156
953 *
1945
1-2 Feb
Intense Cyclone
South
150
969
1946
30 Jan-1 Feb
Intense Cyclone
Close West
129
984
1958
6-9 Apr
Intense Cyclone
80 km West Reunion
129
1004
1960
16-20 Jan
Alix
Intense Cyclone
30 km off Port Louis
200
970
1960
25-29 Feb
Carol
Intense Cyclone
Over Mauritius
256
943
1961
22-26 Dec
Beryl
Intense Cyclone
30 km West
171
992
1962
27-28 Feb
Jenny
Intense Cyclone
30 km North
235
995
1964
17-20 Jan
Danielle
Intense Cyclone
40 km South West
219
974
1966
5-7 Jan
Denise
Severe Depression
65 km North West
167
1003
1967
11-14 Jan
Gilberte
Severe Depression
Centre over Eastern part
142
978
1970
23-25 Jan
Hermine
Severe Depression
240 km West South West
125
999
1970
27-30 Mar
Louise
Intense Cyclone
140 km East
140
988
1972
11-13 Feb
Eugenie
Severe Depression
240 km North North West
132
1002
1975
5-7 Feb
Gervaise
Intense Cyclone
Over Mauritius
280
951
1978
18-21 Jan
Fleur
Intense Cyclone
80 km South East
145
986
1979
21-23 Dec
Claudette
Intense Cyclone
Over Mauritius
221
965
1980
24-28 Jan
Hyacinthe
Intense Cyclone
80 km North West
129
993
1980
3-4 Feb
Jacinthe
Intense Cyclone
150 km South East
129
992
1980
12-13 Mar
Laure
Intense Cyclone
30 km North East
201
989
1981
5-7 Jan
Florine
Intense Cyclone
80 km West
135
1003
1982
5-6 Feb
Gabrielle
Mod. Depression
100 km North West
145
1001
1983
23-26 Dec
Bakoly
Intense Cyclone
55 km South West
198
992
1989
27-29 Jan
Firinga
Cyclone
80 km North West
190
994
1989
4-6 Apr
Krissy
Severe Depression
30 km South
150
976
1994
9-11 Feb
Hollanda
Intense Cyclone
20 km North West
216
984
1995
7-8 Jan
Christelle
Mod. Depression
Over Mauritius
109
994
1995
24-27 Feb
Ingrid
Cyclone
100 km North East
153
989
1995
8-13 Mar
Kylie
Severe Depression
135 km West North West
114
1005
1996
24-25 Feb
Edwige
Mod. Depression
100 km North
162
1009
1996
14-16 Apr
Itelle
Intense Cyclone
275 km North
109
1011
1996
6-8 Dec
Daniella
Intense Cyclone
40 km South West
170
998
1998
10-11 Feb
Anacelle
Cyclone
50 km East
121
985
1999
8-10 Mar
Davina
Intense Cyclone
25 km South East
173
974
2000
27-29 Jan
Connie
Intense Cyclone
200 km North West
122
1003
2000
13-15 Feb
Eline
Severe Depression
130 km North
129
1006
2002
20-22 Jan
Dina
Very Intense T.C
50 km North
228
988
2003
12-13 Feb
Gerry
Tropical Cyclone
100 km North North East
143
990
2003/04
31 Dec 03-03 Jan 04
Darius
Severe Tropical Storm
40 km South East
113
994
2005
22-24 Mar
Hennie
Severe Tropical Storm
60 km South East
112
990
2006
03-04 Mar
Diwa
Severe Tropical Storm
220 km North North West
126
1005.7
2007
22-25 Feb
Gamede
Tropical Cyclone
230 km North West
158
995.5